Showing posts from October, 2018

Subhas Chandra Bose POSITIVE THINGS

Subhas Chandra BoseSubhas Chandra BoseINDIAN MILITARY LEADERBORNc. January 23, 1897
DIED August 18, 1945
NOTABLE WORKS“The Indian Struggle”
ROLE INNoncooperation Movement
FOUNDER OFForward BlocSubhas Chandra Bose, byname Netaji (Hindi: “Respected Leader”), (born c. January 23, 1897, CuttackOrissa [now Odisha], India—died August 18, 1945, Taipei, Taiwan?), Indian revolutionary prominent in the independence movement against British rule of India. He also led an Indian national force from abroad against the Western powers during World War II. He was a contemporary of Mohandas K. Gandhi, at times an ally and at other times an adversary. Bose was known in particular for his militant approach to independence and for his push for socialist policies.India: The Congress’s ambivalent strategy…the militant Congress leaders was Subhas Chandra Bose (1897–1945) of Bengal, a disciple…Early Life And Political ActivityThe son…


Annie BesantAnnie Besant (1847-1933)  – political reformer, women’s rights activist, theosophist and Indian nationalist.“An imperious necessity forces me to speak the truth, as I see it, whether the speech please or displease, whether it bring praise or blame. That one loyalty to Truth I must keep stainless, whatever friendships fail me or human ties be broken.”

– Annie Besant, An Autobiography Chapter XIV.Annie Besant was born 1 October 1847 in Clapham London to parents of Irish roots. After the early death of her father in 1852, the family were brought up in relative poverty and Annie was looked after by a friend of the family Ellen Marryat. This enabled Annie to gain a good education and travel around Europe.In 1867, aged only 19, she married a clergyman Frank Besant, seven years her senior. They went to live in Sibsey, Lincolnshire, where Frank was a vicar. However, the marriage soon experienced difficulties. Annie became increasingly radicalised in her political views – whereas F…


Muhammad Yunus Muhammad Yunus is a Bangladeshi banker and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (2006). Yunus is credited with developing the concepts of microfinance and microcredit. These are schemes which offer small loans to the rural poor – to enable them to invest and lift themselves out of poverty.“When we want to help the poor, we usually offer them charity. Most often we use charity to avoid recognizing the problem and finding the solution for it. Charity becomes a way to shrug off our responsibility. But charity is no solution to poverty.

— Muhammad Yunus, Banker to the Poor: Micro-Lending and the Battle Against World PovertyYunus worked for the Bangladesh Grameen Bank until March 2011 when he was removed by the government. He travels frequently around the world and serves on the United Nations Foundation, and the Yunus Social Business – Global Initiatives (YSB)Early life Muhammad YunusYunus was born on 28 June 1940 to a Muslim family in Hathazarai, Chittagong. In 1940, that wa…

Rabindranath Tagore POSITIVE THINGS

Rabindranath TagorePoet, writer and humanitarian, Rabindranath Tagore was the first Indian to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature and he played a key role in the renaissance of modern India. Tagore is most widely known for his poetry, but he was also an accomplished author of novels, short stories, plays and articles. He took an active interest in a widespread range of social, cultural and artistic endeavours. He has been described as one of the first Twentieth Century’s global man.“So I repeat we never can have a true view of man unless we have a love for him. Civilisation must be judged and prized, not by the amount of power it has developed, but by how much it has evolved and given expression to, by its laws and institutions, the love of humanity.”

— Sadhana: The Realisation of Life, (1916)Short Biography Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath was born on 7 May 1861 Calcutta. His father Debendranath Tagore was a leading light in the Brahmo Samaj – a reforming Hindu organisation whic…


Biography Shri ChinmoyShri Chinmoy (1931-2007) is a spiritual teacher who advocated meditation and selfless service as a path to inner and outer peace. He initiated numerous programs for global peace, such as the Sri Chinmoy Oneness-Home Peace Run. S also advocated a philosophy of ‘self-transcendence‘ – the effort to make continual progress – spiritually, physically and integrally. He also founded the global Sri Chinmoy Marathon Team, which organise many ultra-distance running events.Early LifeChinmoy Kumar Ghose was born 27th August 1931 in the tiny Bengali village of Shakpura, Chittagong. It was then part of India, although Chittagong now forms part of modern Bangladesh. As a young boy Chinmoy or “Madal” as his nickname was at the time, was full of energy and enjoyed being very active and not a little mischievous.However, at an early age, he experienced an intense mystical vision which encouraged him to spend many hours in meditation.Soon after this experience, he entered the Sri Au…

Paramahansa Yogananda POSITIVE THINGS

Biography Paramahansa YoganandaParamahansa Yogananda was born in Gorakhpur India January 5th, 1893. Gorakhpur is in the north of India and is associated with the great saint Gorakshanath who lived in the 10th – 12th Century. Yogananda was brought up in a devout loving Hindu family. At an early age, Yogananda’s mother passed away and this pushed the young Mukunda (as he then was) into a deep grief. However, this experience encouraged Yogananda to seek beyond the world and practise spiritual discipline.In his famous Autobiography of a Yogi, he explains how his early life was filled with visiting the various saints of Bengal and seeking to learn from their spiritual wisdom. One of these early teachers was Master Mahasaya who was a direct disciple of Sri Ramakrishna and wrote the Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna. Yogananda’s interest in spiritual studies did not, however, extend to academic studies and his book explains how he sought to do as little academic work as possible. In fact, at one poi…


Sri Aurobindo BiographySri Aurobindo (1872 – 1950) was an early Indian revolutionary, who later left politics to pursue his spiritual sadhana. Sri Aurobindo founded an ashram in Pondicherry, where he became a prominent spiritual philosopher, poet and Spiritual Master. His greatest work was the epic poem Savitri.Short Biography Sri AurobindoAurobindo Ghose was born in India on 15th August 1872. At a young age, he was sent to England to be educated at St Paul’s. Sri Aurobindo was an excellent student and won a scholarship to read classics at King’s College Cambridge. It was at university that the young Aurobindo became increasingly interested in the fledgeling Indian independence movement. Given a chance to enter the civil service, Aurobindo deliberately failed as he didn’t want to work for the British Empire.Upon graduating he decided to return to India where he took up a position as a teacher. It was also on returning to India that Aurobindo recounts his first most significant spiritu…

Swami Vivekananda POSITIVE THINGS

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda was a Hindu monk and direct disciple of Sri Ramakrishna. Vivekananda played a key role in the introduction of Indian yoga and Vedanta philosophy in the West. He made a strong impression at the inaugural World Parliament of Religions in Chicago, 1893 – giving a powerful speech on the underlying unity of world religions. He taught a philosophy of traditional meditation and also selfless service (karma yoga). He advocated emancipation for Indian women and an end to the worst excess of the caste system. He is considered an important figurehead of India’s growing self-confidence and later nationalist leaders often said they were inspired by his teachings and personality.“To succeed, you must have tremendous perseverance, tremendous will. “I will drink the ocean”, says the persevering soul; “at my will mountains will crumble up”. Have that sort of energy, that sort of will; work hard, and you will reach the goal.”

– Swami VivekanandaEarly lifeSwami Vivekan…


Mirabai POSITIVE THINGS Mirabai was a great saint and devotee of Sri Krishna. Despite facing criticism and hostility from her own family, she lived an exemplary saintly life and composed many devotional bhajans. Historical information about the life of Mirabai is a matter of some scholarly debate. The oldest biographical account was Priyadas’s commentary in Nabhadas’ Sri Bhaktammal in 1712. Nevertheless, there are many oral histories, which give an insight into this unique poet and saint of India.Early Life MirabaiMira was born around the start of the 16th Century in the Chaukari village in Merta, Rajasthan. Her father was Ratan Singh a descendant of Rao Rathor, the founder of Jodhpur. When Mirabai was only three years old, a wandering Sadhu came to her family’s home and gave a doll of Sri Krishna to her father. Her father took saw this as a special blessing but was initially unwilling to give it to her daughter, because she felt she would not appreciate it. However, Mira had, at firs…


Guru Nanak POSITIVE THINGS Guru Nanak (1469 – 1539)
Birthday: 14 AprilGuru Nanak is the founder of Sikhism and the first of the Sikh Gurus. He was born in Punjab India (modern day Pakistan) and gave spiritual teachings based on the universal divinity of creation. He taught his followers to concentrate on spiritual practices which would enable them to transform their egotism into selflessness.Nanak was born in Nankana Sahib near Lahore in Modern day Pakistan. His father was the local tax collector for the village. There are many accounts which tell of Nanak’s early spiritual awakening. He was said to be a precocious child with particular insights into religious teachings and philosophy. He would spend time alone in meditation and was fascinated by religious rituals. His family were Hindu, but he studied both Hinduism and Islam extensively. Although he had a deep interest in religion, he also had a rebellious streak, not always accepting religious dogma. For example, at the age of eleve…


Sri Krishna POSITIVE THINGS Sri Krishna is the central figure of the Bhagavad Gita. Sri Krishna is widely considered by Hindus to be an Avatar – a direct descent of God.  During the Battle of Kurukshetra, Krishna gave Arjuna the immortal spiritual discourse of the Bhagavad Gita – Krishna taught a spiritual path of wisdom, devotion and discrimination. Sri Krishna also popularised devotional bhakti yoga through his time with Radha and the Gopis in Vrindavan.Sri Krishna said in the opening section of the Bhagavad Gita:“Whenever, O descendant of Bharata, righteousness declines and unrighteousness prevails, I manifest Myself. For the protection of the righteous and the destruction of the wicked, and for the establishment of religion, I come into being from age to age.”

– Sri KrishnaShort bio of Sri KrishnaSri Krishna was born in northern India in approximately 3,228 BCE. The Puranas consider Sri Krishna’s life to mark the passing of the Dvapara age into the Kali Yuga (current age)Krishna w…